Dating of the book of isaiah
Perhaps the most renowned of these is Isaiah's vision of universal peace at the End of Days: "And they shall beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks: Nation shall not take up sword against nation; they shall never again know war" (2:4).
If so, no miracles or prophecies are required to explain the mention of Cyrus in the Book of Isaiah: Chapter 45, where his name is mentioned, was originally written during the time of Cyrus's rule.4 For the sake of my servant Jacob, and Israel my chosen, I call you by your name, I name you, though you do not know me.5 I am the Lord, and there is no other, besides me there is no God; I equip you, though you do not know me, Cynics claim this section must have been written once Cyrus has become King of Persia or around that time or afterwards, and that the Jews have dishonestly pretended this is prophecy when in fact it wasn't.The use of the term Tartan in Isaiah 20 v 1 shows at least this section of Isaiah was written early, prior to 600 bc.Tartan is a military term in the Assyrian Army and is the highest position in the Army under the King himself.Yet The Book of Isaiah in Chapters 44 and 45 speaks of Thus said Jehovah, To His anointed, to Cyrus, Whose right hand I have laid hold on, To subdue nations before him, Yea, loins of kings I loose, To open before him two-leaved doors, Yea, gates are not shut: If this is so, it's a miracle.
However, it is possible that the book of Isaiah is simply written after the event and written in a way that make it look as if it could predict prophecy. Note: I used Young Literal Translation because it transliterate YHWH into Yehovah where all other translation seems to take more "liberty". If there are significant differences that may change the meaning, I'll consider all translations.
There would typically be one Tartan controlling the left side of the battlefield and another controlling the right side, and the King controlling the middle depolyment.
The Assyrian Army ceased to exist when the Assyrian Empire ceased in 609 bc, when it was destroyed by the Babylonians.
they are exclusively the sins of the pre-captivity.
After the captivity the Jews were exceedingly careful not to worship the idols of the surrounding nations. Two hundred years ago, none of the major historians, Herodotus and Xenophon included, had any clue as to who Sargon was.
In Isaiah it is written:- Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer, who formed you from the womb: “I am the Lord, who made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens, who spread out the earth by myself, v24 ....