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Dating systems bce

According to the Muslim lunar calendar, dating from Muhammad's Hijra (flight or emigration) from Mecca, it is now ah 1430.

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The Pope took the crowning as an implied assertion of the Church’s supremacy over the secular and political realm.Charlemagne (aka Charles I and Charles the Great) became the ruler of the Franks about 770AD.During his early reign, he launched many military campaigns in an attempt to merge the Germanic and other European groups into a united Christian kingdom.Thus in contrast to many of their successors, the Charles and Leo affiliation was mostly amicable.Charlemagne was also an enthusiastic proponent of the calendar dating system.In his attempt to wipe out illiteracy, particularly among the clergy, he established schools and monasteries throughout his kingdom.

His emphasis on the classic early works ushered in a new renaissance of learning.

Charlemagne however, interpreted the act as receiving authority over religious affairs.

He often appointed bishops and other church officers, presided over synods and councils, and considered himself to be protector over the church.

The power shifted considerably to the Church in 1073 when Hildebrand became pope (as Gregory VII) and instituted a series of reforms.

With the rise of feudalism in the empire, the papacy maintained significant control into the early fourteenth century under strong leaders such as Innocent III and Gregory IX.

The previous year, Charlemagne, a fervent supporter of Christianity and the papacy, came to the aid of Pope Leo III during a rebellion.