Independent dating in archaeological analysis
Strangely, this figure incorporates iconography quite evident in modern but traditional Inuit/Yupik art, and also present in European Paleolithic artifacts, as well as in Australian material of unknown age, apparently a Primal Image.(The presence of "portable rock art" or "mobile rock art" has long been recognized in European artifact material, and is starting to be seen for what it is at sites in North America.
Whatever the age of this material might prove to be, it seems to point to an important if unrecognized anthropological and cultural phenomenon - the almost ubiquitous shaman-like bird-human figure characterizing the "rock art" at this site, remarkably consistent in its arrangement of readily identifiable sub- components.Some of the hairs were submitted to the Center for the Study of the First Americans, where in November 2003 the late Dr. It is hoped that hairs might appear that have been adequately protected from moisture, and freezing and thawing.One of the hairs remaining after the necessarily destructive attempt at DNA extraction has been verified by Dr.A large linear earthwork is present at the site, a symmetrical rounded wall roughly 6 m (20') high at its highest point and several hundred meters in length.It is quite straight and oriented to true north-south.Ohio's state archaeologists have, however, indicated no interest in further inquiry, on the unfounded assumption that early Native Americans would have left nothing significant in this unglaciated and topographically rugged area (a bit too far from Columbus, perhaps? This author has been proceeding largely on his own with occasional assistance and advice from professional archaeologists, anthropologists, and physical scientists including geologists and petrologists with the training and experience required to determine whether or not a given rock could have acquired its current form entirely through natural processes.
Judging from ceramic material and a long, straight, and symmetrical earthwork oriented to true north-south, it appears that the upper artifact layer at this site may date from the Early and/or Middle Woodland Period.
Such astronomical orien- tation is characteristic of Late Archaic through Middle Woodland earthworks, as is the overall morphology of this structure, which includes a shallow trench along its east side (uphill toward the top of the knob, which affords a long view to the horizon in all directions).
There is one gateway through the structure, aligned toward the summit of Day's Knob, which is roughly 117 m (385') horizontally distant and 27 m (89') higher.
This author has adopted and applied Boucher de Perthes' term "Figure Stones" in presenting his own and others' finds for several years now, and, along with A large sandstone turtle head with eyes on both sides, found by Dirk Morgan near Fort Ancient in Warren County, Ohio, and, after dismissal as a geofact by Ohio's state ("Ohio History Connection") archaeologists, professionally identified as human-carved.
Many archaeologists claim they do not see simple face-like images carved and/or ground into lithic artifact material, and that these do not exist. For a discussion of this from the perspective of recent research in neuroscience, click here: The age of most of the artifacts at this site has not yet been conclusively determined, but their quantity, consistency of form, distinctive carving marks, and representation of bird and shaman-like hybrid bird-human images indicate that they are of human manufacture.
It is proposed that humans - and maybe even protohumans - routinely modified lithic material to incorporate simple but recognizable zoomorphic and anthropomorphic imagery, often along with at least potential utility as tools.