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Mozi taught that as long as a person was qualified for a task, he should keep his position, regardless of blood relations.If an officer were incapable, even if he were a close relative of the ruler, he ought to be demoted, even if it meant poverty.
Mohism is opposed to any form of aggression, especially war between states.His aim was to re-evaluate behaviour, not emotions or attitudes.The Mohists formed a highly structured political organization that tried to realize the ideas they preached, the writings of Mozi.It is the business of the benevolent man to seek to promote what is beneficial to the world and to eliminate what is harmful, and to provide a model for the world.What benefits he will carry out; what does not benefit men he will leave alone.In that sense, the government becomes an authoritative and automated tool.
Assuming that the leaders in the social hierarchy are perfectly conformed to the ruler, who is perfectly submissive to Heaven, conformity in speech and behaviour is expected of all people. However, the potentially repressive element is countered by compulsory communication between the subjects and their leaders.
Mohism promotes a philosophy of impartial caring; that is, a person should care equally for all other individuals, regardless of their actual relationship to him or her.
The expression of this indiscriminate caring is what makes man a righteous being in Mohist thought.
This advocacy of impartiality was a target of attack by the other Chinese philosophical schools, most notably the Confucians, who believed that while love should be unconditional, it should not be indiscriminate.
For example, children should hold a greater love for their parents than for random strangers.
Each unit was led by a juzi (literally, "chisel"—an image from craft making).